Landscaping also known as grounds keeping, can be defined as an activity that involves modification of visible features of an area of a particular land. These features include; natural elements like elevation, terrain shapes and land forms or water bodies and living elements like fauna or flora, in one word we call it gardening. Gardening is the art and craft of planting plants with aim of creating an appealing appearance of the landscape. Lightening conditions and weather are abstract elements which are part of the features. Landscape maintenance is the activity of keeping an area clean, safe, attractive and healthy and it is done mostly in institutional settings, parks, gardens, estates and yards.
A groundskeeper with the right tools, physical exertion, knowledge, skills and supplies will be able to plant and harvest, to do lawn care; fertilizing and weeding periodically, gardening, path and driveway maintenance, snow removal, fencing, lighting, topiary, swimming pool care, irrigation, runoff drainage in purpose of protecting and improving the garden accessories, topsoil and plants. The groundskeepers may also have to deal with the local animals like birds, reptiles, rodents, insects, pets and domestic animals, and innovate ways of repelling or attracting what is desired. Gardens can be installed with a koi pond if it is designed to keep exotic animals. It is the responsibility of a groundskeeper to provide and maintain the habitat of wild animals when it comes to larger landscapes.
Lawn maintenance is also similar to landscaping maintenance, only that it is maintaining an area covered by soil and planted grasses or in some other cases durable plants like clover. Lawn is typically comprised of species of grass, which is aimed to practices that helps maintain its color green and mowed on a regular basis to maintain a certain height. Establishment and care of seasonal lawn varies because it is affected by the type of grass grown and the climate zone.
The best time to start planting grass is usually early autumn and summer and also spring but before starting to plant first aerate so that you can allow the roots to go deeper and make the turf thicker. Some can go for turfing which is a faster way to get the lawn you wanted. This method can be done in most climate conditions and in any season. For rough lawns people go for animal grazing or mowing the lawn regularly. Lawns may need to be maintained twice a week when it is hot or in rainy seasons in regions that contain hardiness zones.
The landscape in different regions is very different so in order to do a construction job you need to do studies and observations. Same case applies to landscaping or lawn maintenance, if it’s being done for the first time understanding the site is very vital for a successful outcome.