Cranes are a common sight on construction sites of large buildings, on some boats and other locations like mines. This is a piece of construction equipment that requires specialized knowledge how to operate it whether on land or water. The crane is used to move large or heavy construction material on constructions site and mines, but on water, it is used to move items like large metal shipping containers. The operator of the crane is specially trained and certified to operate this kind of machinery.
Crane Operator Certification
The person who would like to join the employment field as a crane operator must become certified this will include training and exams to be awarded a certification. This type of employment will also require recertification to continue being licensed to operate a crane, whether truck mounted or mounted on a boat. This is machinery that has controls, levers and either a wheel or foot pedal depending on the type of crane. The operator must have complete knowledge of how it works since the weight the crane will be moving can cause extreme damage if dropped or harm to people on the site. This includes crane operators Bloomington IL who must be certified to operate this large machinery.
In most cases, the crane operator will depend on someone on the location to give them direction by hand signals to either pick up the item the crane is moving or placing it where it should go. Some jobs this is not necessary like in a mine situation, where the crane is often used to bring the mined ore out to the surface, but in general, it does take direction. When this kind of machinery is used on a construction site it often takes the direction of a person on the ground since the item being lifted may entail placing it several stories above where the operator sits to operate the crane. This code is done by a certain arm and hand movements that direct the operator where to move the crane.
Types of Cranes
There are three basic types of cranes, the tower crane, overhead cranes, and mobile cranes. The job functions of each of these include:
• Tower Crane: This kind of machinery is seen at major construction sites and depending on the site the size of the crane can be hundreds of feet high and reach far distances. This crane can lift an enormous amount of weight.
- Overhead Crane: This crane can be used in many applications within the construction industry and milling industry. This is a rigid arm type of crane that can lift bridge supports or steel structure parts, but it can also be used in mills and the auto industry.
- Mobile Crane: This piece of machinery is a crane arm that has been installed on a truck, so it can be mobile and has a telescoping boom. The hook for this kind of crane is suspended by wire rope and it has control levers and foot pedals. It is the type of machinery that can be used in several industries including moving construction materials.