It is quite a thrill when you think of visiting a new country and experiencing different cultures. There is a grave side to travelling though. The reason behind this is that you might come into contact with diseases that you may never have come across or heard of in your own country. This makes travel jabs an important way to protect your life.
Most travellers then feel quite unsettled when they factor in the issue of travel vaccines. The environmental location that you are traveling to and the time of year will determine the kind of inoculation you require. Though there are many diseases to worry about, below is a brief discussion of some of those diseases that are of concern.
Japanese Encephalitis is one such disease that is contracted through bites from infected mosquitoes usually in tropical surroundings.s which is contracted from a mosquito bite The symptoms are usually mild but it can end up causing swelling in the brain. Vaccination should be administered in 3 doses, 30 days before departure. The countries affected include; South East Asia, The Far East, and Tropical North East Australia.
Another disease is Malaria which is a tropical disease that is spread to humans by mosquitoes of the Anopheles species. Symptoms show up after 10 days to 2 weeks of infection they include chills, fever, muscle-aches.nausea, vomiting and general malaise. A malaria prophylaxis regimen is available in form of tablets that are to be swallowed 21 days prior to traveling and the same course continued for 4 weeks after you return. Africa, The Middle East and Asia are the affected areas.
Travellers should also be concerned about typhoid fever. Typhoid is got from contaminated food or water. Dirrhea, headache, and fever are among symptoms associated with this viral disease. This disease is dangerous. Vaccination should be given one month before the day of travel. High level of hygiene should be observed when taking food and water so that you can avoid contracting typhoid gems. The countries that are affected include; Africa, Asia, the Middle East south and central America.
Yellow fever is another serious disease. It is only found in Sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. The disease is contracted through bites from mosquitoes that are infected with the virus. Symptoms of yellow fever include a headache, jaundice, bleeding and vomiting. This is a dangerous disease. Its so serious that in some regions like East Africa in particular, travelers are required to show a certificate of vaccination before they are allowed to enter. The travel inoculation for yellow fever is administered 10 days before departure and lasts as long as 10 years.
It’s advisable to check into a good travel clinic so that you can prepare yourself adequately before traveling to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip